Fishing, often known as angling, is the pastime of capturing fish, either freshwater or saltwater, with a rod, line, and hook. Fishing, like hunting, began as a means of obtaining food for survival. Fishing as a sport, on the other hand, has a long history. Figures fishing with rod and line and nets are depicted in an Egyptian angling scene from around 2000 BCE. Fishing with a silk line, a needle hook, and a bamboo pole, with cooked rice as bait, is described in a Chinese account from around the 4th century BCE. Fishing is mentioned in works from the ancient Greeks, Assyrians, Romans, and Jews.
Early history The history of angling is largely defined by the history of tackle, or fishing equipment. A gorge—a piece of wood, bone, or stone 1 inch (2.5 cm) in length, pointed at both ends and attached off-centre to the line—was one of humanity’s earliest tools. Some form of bait has been strewn across the gorge. When a fish swallowed the gorge, a tug on the line wedged it over the fish’s gullet, allowing it to be dragged in.
A hook was one of the earliest metal tools created when copper and bronze were first used. This was connected to a hand-operated line composed of strong animal or vegetable material capable of holding and landing a fish. Fishing from the bank or shore, and even reaching over vegetation bordering the water, was made possible by the habit of attaching the other end of the line to a rod, which was most likely a stick or tree branch at the time.
Bait fishing, fly fishing, bait casting, spinning, and trolling are the five primary types of angling. All of them are suitable for both freshwater and saltwater fishing.
Bait fishing, also known as still fishing or bottom fishing, is the oldest and most widely used type of fishing. It is used to catch coarse (or rough) fish in freshwater fishing in the United Kingdom. Bream, barb, tench, dace, and other nongame species are among them. A bait is impaled on the hook, which is “set” when the fish swallows it by the angler elevating the tip of the rod. Worms, maggots, small fish, bread spread, cheese, and little pieces of vegetables and grain are all common fishing baits. The bait may be weighed down with a ledger in the UK and a sinker in the US, which is commonly made of lead. The angler merely holds the rod or lays it down and waits for the telltale tug of the fish to be conveyed through the line in this form of fishing. Bait can also be fished by suspending it at a desired depth under a buoyant device made of cork or plastic tied to the line, known as a float in the United Kingdom and a bobber in the United States. The angler tries to dangle the bait at a depth where foraging fish will see it, as well as in places where fish hide naturally, such as sunken weed beds, logs, and underwater rock formations.